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Vitamin B1 deficiency in sheep

Polioencephalomalacia, wow, try saying that after two or three reds! Luckily we can shorten the term and refer to the disease as PEM. This horrible disease is also known as cerebrocortical necrosis.

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Stubble utilisation strategy

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Ross Waller

0427186943 mobile contact

Critical Timing

TO DO Notes

Observations & Applications

Supplements & Treatments

10-14 Days before entry to Stubble

Any purchased stock need treatment with Compass Boost Liquid [not currently available] @ 5 ml/hd/day in water.

If the stubble contains are large of amount of crop residue, pay attention to imprint feeding small amount of grain before entry. Do not allow hungry sheep access without backgrounding.

Vaccinate at least 10-14 days prior to entry to stubble with 3 in 1 vaccine. Good opportunity for FEC test prior to drenching. Vitamin A and Zinc levels are very important at this stage Boost Liquid supplies ample quantities.

1.vaccinate with 3in1 or 6in1 vaccine

2.Scabby Mouth vaccine may be required

Vitamin AD and E drench

3.B12 all sheep at packet rate

4. Internal Parasite drench as 1st or second drench. Consider FEC test.

Day of Entry to Stubble

Compass Boost Liquid @ 5ml hd/day.

Limit any hard mustering. Allow stock to take their time to adapt. Feed hay the night before to fill up stock

Make sure all water points are in good working order, check fence line for weeds.

1.start to use free choice DroughtLix Supplement

2.boost Liquid @ 5ml/hd/day

Quality Hay if required

2-5 Days after

Entry

Make sure water is cool and running. Continue with Boost Liquid @ 5 ml hd/day

Check for lameness or stiff legged gait, scours, mucous covered faeces or regurgitated feed. Often combined or singular signs of grain intolerance or engorgement.

Continue as above for all.

May need to consider free choice buffer mix.

From day 6 till end

Monitor intake of feed and condition score of stock. When leaf residue and grain have been consumed, move lambs or young wethers to better feed and replace with older ewes

Continue water treatment of Boost Liquid for 14 days @ 5 ml hd/day

Watch for eye problems either weepy, pinkeye or snotty noses are indicators of other problems. Continue with Boost Liquid

Boost Liquid for 14 days.

DroughtLix free choice for all sheep until finished.

Lamb Feedlot Strategy

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Lamb Feedlot Strategy

Ross Waller

0427186943 mobile contact

Critical Timing

To Do Notes

Observations and Applications

Supplements and Treatments

10-14 Days

Prior To

Start

If you have

Bred Lambs

Begin Pre feeding lambs with cereal grain/legume mix 80/20 and include Lambgrow Intensive Pellet. .Provide access to roughage and clean water. Pre feeding treatments with 6 in 1 Vaccine, Vitamin B12 and Vitamin A,D & E must be done now. Use Maxivit oral A&E product @ 5ml/hd. As a drench

Feed Lambs at 100-150 grams per day of grain mix plus Quality hay. Maintain on pasture. Water, hay or grain treatment with Boost Liquid [not currently available] at 5 ml/hd/day. Period of grain introduction and transition for Vaccines, drench for internal parasites and treat for fly if required.

1. Vitamin B12 Injection (2ml)

2. Vitamin A, & E Oral Drench, Maxivit@ 5ml

3. Vaccine Prefer 6in1

4. Quality Cereal, Legume Hay.

5. Cereal grain/Legume mix (80/20) with Premix

6.Compass Boost Liquid @ 5 ml/hd/day

10-14 days Days

Prior to Start

If you have

Purchased Lambs

Rehydrate lambs with TransForce Liquid or Boost Liquid. After Transit. Feed Grain Mix and quality roughage. Vaccinate, ADE (maxivit), B12,

Make sure all lambs are vaccinated and are being fed grain mix with ad lib roughage. Grain mix should be fed at 100-150 grams/head/day. Increase grain slowly each day by small increments .Drench for internal parasite and treat for Fly if required. Grain mix should contain 2.5% Lambgrow intensive

1. Vitamin B12 injection

2. Vitamin A & E oral drench, Maxivit@ 5ml

3. Vaccine prefer 6in1

4 .Quality Cereal, legume hay.

5.Cereal grain/Legume mix (80/20) + Pellet

6. Boost Liquid @5ml/hd/day

Day 1-14 Days

IN FEEDLOT

Grain Mix should be starter, feed at least at 300 grams/hd/day. Supply roughage or hay either adlib or at least 40% OF TMR. Continue with Boost Liquid @ 5ml per hd/day. Start to open feeders. Lambs should be eating well.

Critical period for rest of feed time. Lambs need to be watched around days 10-14 for scouring. This is a time when engorgement can take place. Feed adlib hay or supply TMR with at least 40% roughage. Keep supply of straw handy. Continue with Boost Liquid @ 5 ml per hd/day

1. Quality Cereal, Legume Hay.

2. Use Lambgrow Intensive Pellet @ 2.5%

3. Boost :Liquid @ 5 ml hd/day

Days 15-30

Maintain adaption to grain and increase to full Grain feeding, Boost Liquid can now be phased down to 2.5ml/hd/day in water. Lambs should be well on to full feed or open self feeder.

Make sure TMR roughage is at least 20% until day 30 or adlib cereal hay.

1. Quality Cereal Hay.

2. Grain Mix + Lambgrow Pellet @ 2.5%.

3. Cereal grain/Legume mix TMR should be 20%

6. slow off Boost liquid

Day 30 to finish

Full feeding should be in place. Feed at 3% of live bodyweight as a guide

roughage should be 10% of daily intake

Keep straw at ready for cold wet days.

Lambs will over eat prior to and after wet cold weather. Make sure lambs have adequate Straw to fill on. Watch for scouring.

1.Finish grain mix + Lambgrow Intensive @ 2.5%.

2.Use straw where required as filler

3.Use quality Cereal hay at all times

Use BOOST Liquid@ 10 ml, 5-7 days before transit, in water.

Calf Weaning Strategy (Beef)

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Ross Waller

Critical Timing

TO DO Notes

Observations & Applications

Supplements & Treatments

21 days prior to weaning

Feed grain either Oats or Lupins to Calves and Cows 60/40 mix. Add EDGE BOOST to water @ 30 ml/hd/day

Feeding grain at this stage to cow and calf imprints experience to the calf for life. Feeding hay is also required, make sure it's good quality, Cereal/Legume or Pasture Hay. Add Compass Calf Minerals to grain mix @ 2.5%

1.Grain feed @ 100-200 grams/hd/day

2.Quality Cereal/Legume or Pasture hay

3. EDGE BOOST @ 30ml hd/day

1 day before weaning

Muster stock and bring close to yards. Supply good hay and treat water with EDGE BOOST

Hay is critical as is EDGE BOOST. Allow cattle to settle overnight.

1.EDGE BOOST 30ml/hd/day

2.Quality hay adlib

Day of weaning

Move animals to drafting yards.

Draft Cows, treat and return to paddock away from calf.

Draft calves treat and hold in the yards for 4-5 days. Treat water with EDGE BOOST @ 30ml /hd/day.

Cows can have a few days hay ready in return paddock. Depends on season and feed availability.

Calves require good quality hay, or grain. Treat all water with Transforce Liquid.

If feeding grain add Compass Calf Minerals to mix@2.5%

1.5in1 or 7in1 vaccine

2.Vitamin B12 at packet rate to cows and calves

3.A,D&E injection to all stock.

4Quality Hay.

5.treat water with Transforce Liquid

Days 2-4

Hold calves in yards or close paddock with access to Transforce Liquid 2 50ml/hd/day

If feeding grain make sure calves receive HyBuff in feed @ 2.5%

1.Quality hay free choice

2.Treat water with EDGE BOOST @ 30ml/hd/day

Day

Return all calves to clean paddock with ideal feed base. Supply some hay.

Allow all calves access to Compass Calf Weaner free choice. Place near water point

1.Transforce Liquid @ 50ml hd/day

2. Quality Hay free Choice

3.Ffree choice Compass Calf Weaner

Ewe joining strategy

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Ross Waller>

0427186943 mobile contact

Critical Timing

TO DO Notes

Observations & Applications

Supplements & Treatments

30 Days

Prior To

Joining

Start by pre feeding Ewes with cereal Maxi Mate TMR .Provide free choice B4Mate. Pre Joining treatments with Vitamin B12 and Vitamin A,D & E will also be helpful at this time. Rams need to be provided with Vitamin B12, A,D & E as well as access to grain mix.

Feed Ewes at 100-200 grams per day of Maxi Mate TMR plus hay or pasture. Feed Rams @100- 200 grams/hd/day of Maxi Mate TMR plus hay or pasture.

Water, treatment with Zinc&A Liquid at 5 ml/hd/day for Ewes & Rams should start now.

Maintain Ewe at 3.5 CS

Maintain Rams @ 3.0-4 CS

1. Vitamin B12 Injection (Packet rate) Vitamin A, D & E drench or Injection.

3. B4Mate @ 20grams/hd/ day

4. Quality Cereal, Pasture or Legume Hay.

5. Maxi Mate TMR @ 100-200 gms/hd/day

6. Zinc&A Liquid @ 5ml/hd/day

16 Days

before Joining

Remove Maxi Mate TMR from Ewes for 7 days. Maintain access to B4Mate and Zinc&A Liquid. Continue feeding rams.

Continue Rams on Maxi Mate TMR, B4Mate and Zinc&A Liquid. If Pasture is ideal, reduce Grain if Rams are at risk of becoming "over Fat".

Maintain Ram 4 CS

1. Quality Cereal, Pasture or Legume Hay.

2. B4 Mate @ 20 grams/hd/ day

3. Maxi Mate TMR

6. Zinc&A Liquid @ 5 ml/hd/day

9 Days

Before Joining

Re- introduce grain mix to Ewes.

Continue Rams & Ewes onMaxi Mate TMR, Zinc&A liquid with free choice B4Mate

1. Quality Cereal, Pasture or Legume Hay.

2. Maxi Mate TMR @ 100-200 gm/day

3 Zinc& Liquid

5. B4 Mate @ 20 grams/hd/day

Beginning of Joining

to halfway point

Continue as above

Keep an eye on Ram condition

1. Quality Cereal, Pasture or Legume Hay.

2. B4 Mate @ 20 grams/hd/ day

3. Maxi Mate TMR @ 100-200 gm/hd/day

6. Zinc&A Liquid 5 ml/hd/day

Halfway thru Joining

To

10 days after finish

Reduce grain feeding gradually until grain is fully eliminated by day 10 after end of joining. Stop all feeding of Liquids and grain for both Ewes & Rams. Provide good quality pasture and hay for 4 weeks.

Leave Ewe alone and quiet. No mustering. Maintain 3.5 CS

Ram back to Ram Paddock if all Ewes picked up.

Only allow Mineral Mix or other supplements if directed. Should not be required until second trimester if sufficient pasture.

 

 

Weaning Stragey, Early and Standard

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Ross Waller

0427186943 mobile contact

Critical Timing

TO DO Notes

Observations & Applications

Supplements & Treatments

10 Days

Prior To

Weaning

Start to feed small amount 100 grams, of Oats or Lupins to Lambs while still running with Ewe. Approx 6-10 days

Feed grain either in self feeder or by trail. This small imprinting sets up the Lamb for future acceptance of supplements. Feeding small amounts of hay will also aid weaning. Introduce Transforce Weanaid @ 5 ml/hd/day in water or liberally applied to hay.

1.Oats/Lupins @100 grams/hd/day

2.Quality Cereal or legume hay

3.Grazeforce Weaner Supplement

4. Transforce Weanaid Liquid

 

1 day before weaning

Bring stock close to yards. Continue to feed quality hay, treated with Transforce Weanaid Liquid @ 5ml hd/day

Make sure water is available and yards are ready for weaning. Allow quality hay free choice and Grazeforce Weaner free choice.

If hay is at premium, grain fed twice per day with added Lambgrow Pellet @ 2.5% can be used.

1. Quality Cereal, Pasture or Legume Hay.

2.Transforce Weanaid Liquid

3. Grazeforce Weaner Supplement free choice.

 

Day of Weaning

Treat water with Transforce Weanaid. Allow access to hay. Draft and treat EWES then return to paddock. Lambs should be inspected, treated and held in yards or close paddock with access to Hay, Water treated with Transforce Weanaid.

Once treated and inspected Ewes can be returned to grazing, provide hay for 2 days. Lambs should remain in yards or close paddock for at least 4 days. Treatments of water with Transforce Weanaid and quality hay to continue.

1.Vaccinate using 6:1

2.Treat EWE and Lamb with Vitamin B12

3.Vitamin A,D&E Drench to lamb and Ewe

4.Quality Hay free Choice

5.Grazeforce Weaner Supplement free choice.

 

 

Days 2-3

Continue as above

Clean out water trough. Re introduce Transforce Weanaid @5 ml/hd/day. Continue quality hay and Grazeforce Weaner Supplement

Do Not feed straw, only quality hay.

1. Quality Cereal, Pasture or Legume Hay.

2. Transforce Weanaid Liquid 5/ml/hd/day

Grazeforce Weaner Supplement free choice.

 

Days 4-5

Return Lambs to fresh paddock with access to Quality hay. And Grazeforce Weaner Supplement free choice

Re-check ewe and top up hay if required. Ewes can have access to good grazing supplement like GrazeMin free choice if required and dependant on season

Quality Hay to continue.

Transforce Weanaid @ 5ml/hd/day

Grazeforce Weaner Supplement free choice to continue.

Use of part or all of this strategy negates liability for any loss, financial, physical or otherwise that may arise.

 

Lambing Strategy

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Ross Waller

0427186943 mobile contact

Critical Timing

TO DO Notes

Observations & Applications

Supplements & Treatments

6 weeks prior to lambing

Start ewe on B4Lamb supplement, free choice for 6 weeks. Or if highly fertilised pastures are used, choose LeadA Soluble for 6 weeks only.

Make sure body condition score is 3-4. Over fat ewes will prove difficult to manage. The last 50 days of pregnancy are very important and increasing body weight should be gradual.

1.Vitamin B12 injection

2.Vitamin A,D,E Drench 5ml hd

3.B4 Mate or LeadA Soluble @ 20 gms/hd/day.

4.Quality Hay.

5.Grain/legume Mix 80/20 100 gms/hd/day

Day 1 or start of Lambing to Day20

Continue as above. Add Transforce Liquid to water @ 5ml/hd/day to increase Mg level.

If lambing on productive pastures, use Magforce as a free choice supplement

Important to keep smooth muscle performance at peak. Watch for signs of Preg Tox or lambing problems, Dystocia particularly in maiden ewes. Early intervention is critical. If required, use Magforce.

1.Quality Hay is vital

2.Transforce liquid 2 5 ml/hd/day

3.B4Lamb or Magforce

Day20-30

If lambing on productive pastures with high feed value, re-introduce LeadA for 14 days free choice or applied to hay. Normal pasture

Continue with Magforce or B4Lamb free choice supplement. Add Transforce Liquid to water @ 5ml/hd/day

Watch for signs of Milk fever or Lambing difficulties. Keep ewe chewing, supply good quality cereal or legume hay. Not Straw if possible, unless lambing on Lucerne.

1.Quality cereal Hay, or legume

2.LeadA free choice or on hay @ 20 gms/hd/day. If required on lucerne

3.Transforce Liquid in water @5ml/hd/day

4.Magforce or B4Lamb Supplement free choice

Day31-Finish

 

 

Stop LeadA. Stop B4 Lamb

Use Transforce Soluble in water @ 5ml/hd/day or Magforce free choice

Continue to feed quality Hay.

 

 

 

Watch for signs of lambing problems with late lambing ewes.

Keep ewe in good body condition by controlling feed intake and supplements. Ideally CS 3.5-4 at

Tailing time.

1.Quality Cereal /Legume Pasture hay

2.Magforce free choice

3.Transforce Liquid @5 ml/hd/day in water.

 

 

Remember.

From the Start of Lambing

Ewes may need supplementary grain.

If grain is being fed, call Compass Feeds for feeding rates if you are unsure.

Any signs of Milk fever or Preg Tox need to be treated early. Veterinary intervention may be required if these problems occur over 2%.

 

80/20 Cereal to Legume mix with 2.5% added Lambgrow Pellet is ideal. Ewes need to maintain bodyweight through pregnancy with slow adaption to supplements in last 50 days

Allow ewes access to high magnesium products like Magforce after lambing to encourage milk flow.

All of the above products also contribute Vitamin E and B1

 

Use of part or all of this strategy negates liability for any loss, financial, physical or otherwise that may arise.

 

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